Conceptual Framework

Ecological Sanitation - Popular Education - Gender Perspective


Introduction
Overview & Objectives
Conceptual Framework
Methodology
Achievements
Replication Examples
Lessons Learned
  Formation and training of   promoters
  Support and extension work
  Educational tools
  Tech selection and financing
  Quality production
What else needs to be done?

Ecological sanitation, or eco-san, is the result of an ecosystem paradigm that recognizes human "wastes" as part of a natural system of recycling nutrients and organic matter. Eco-san also includes the premises that pathogens must be destroyed near where people excrete them and that water resources must be responsibly used and protected.

As well as seeking to reduce environmental stress and improving living conditions within the community, an important objective within this project was to empower civil society and increase autonomy. Therefore, the methodology began with the participants analyzing their surroundings and their problems. This understanding helped them to share their own theoretical and practical knowledge, as well as apply new concepts in order to transform their situation. It also facilitated understanding the root causes behind environmental degradation, and working to alleviate those, rather than merely accepting a new technology because it's more modern, or convenient, or someone in authority believes it's "better" than what is currently available.

Also, as the provision of basic services has been a common tool of political control, this project emphasizes the possibility of communities providing their own services.

Integrating a gender perspective means that the project sought to assist the participants' analysis of their roles within society, including restrictions which society places on themselves and others. Many times projects have a tendency to expand women's role within society, which empowers them, but it also increases their already heavy workload- without transforming men's role. One aim of this project was to promote a better appreciation and understanding of the types of contributions to society provided by its members, and that each individual freely choose the way she or he contributes.

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UCIZONI dry toilet